Ashta Karma

Ashta karma or eight actions refers to 
1. vaseekaranam (making something attracted by the yogi), 
2. mohanam (causing enchantment) 
3. aakarshanam (drawing something towards the yogi), 
4. ucchaadanam (reciting the mantra in cause a specific action), 
5. sthambanam (arresting the natural action of anything), 
6. vidveshanam (making one hate something), 
7. bedhanam (causing a difference-opinion, state) and 
8. maaranam (causing death).  
Agatthiyar in his work Saumya Sagaram (verses 215- 245) mentions that the ashta karma are milestones that indicate an individual’s mastry of ashtanga yoga, the eight step yoga.
When one attains the highest state possible by yoga, the turiya state, one realizes that the only true entity is aksharam and that everything else, the gross world, is a dance of the aksharam.  Aksharam refers to both the Divine as well as letter.  Aksharam means indestructible.  The indestructible here is the vak or primordial sound that emerges as bija akshara.  These akshara combine together to form words, sentences and passages.  Thus the cause is the aksharam, the primordial sound or letters and their manifestation is the gross world. 
In the context of the ashta karma the cause is the bija akshara of the mantra that manifests as an effect in the gross world.  Thus a mantra for, say vaseekaranam, is the cause with its effect making others feel attracted by the person uttering the mantra.  If a yogin realizes this he will manipulate the cause, the bija akshara, to produce an effect.  Agatthiyar calls this manipulation as playing with the cause.  One looks at the origin, the gurupathi and causes these effects.  Gurupathi refers to ajna cakra which between the brows.  This term also means the locus of Guru, the locus of knowledge where the darkness of ignorance is nonexistent.  It is the locus of light of consciousness, the light of knowledge and awareness.
Agatthiyar begins to describe the first karma, vaseekaram or causing others to feel attracted towards the person performing the ritual. 
Vaseekaram
Direction faced by the performer
North
Seat
Kalai aasana
Bead
Rudraksha will clear faces
Deity
Adi Ganapathy
Mantra
Siva siva om reeng ang (1008 times)
Benefits
All actions will become fruitful, Veda, Sastra, mantra, microcosm, macrocosm, celestials, humans, ghosts, enemies, animals, ashta naga or eight snakes, desire (kaamappaal, kaanal paal) will be attracted by the performer
Mohanam
Direction
East
Adornment
Sacred ash with pranava
Seat
Tiger skin
Beads
Tulasi
Deity
Maha Ganapathy
Mantra
Om kleem sing
Benefit
Rishi, Muni, Deva, animals, birds, all diseases, poisons, ghosts and goblins, rivers, sacred sites- all their anger or vigor will abide and they will feel enchanted
Sthambanam
Direction
West
Adornment
Sacred ash with mercy, stop the breath
Seat
Dharba grass
Beads
Lotus beads
Deity
Nadana Ganapathy
Mantra
Om sreem kleem
Benefits
Stop the minds of evil souls and animals, stop the natural movement of air, water and fire (perform is able to walk on fire without getting burnt, walk on water without sinking)
Ucchaadanam-
Direction
South
Adornment
Sacred ash with honesty
Seat
Tree bark
Beads
Conch beads (sangu mani)
Deity
Sakthi Ganapathy
Mantra
Om kleem sau
benefits
All strong diseases will go away, magical spells (pilli soonyam) will be removed
Aakarshanam ( to experience the jyothi)
Direction
North east (?)
Adornment
Silk dress, adorn sacred ash with silence
Seat
Not given
Beads
Spatikam (crystal)
Deity
Vaalai Ganapathy
Mantra
Om kleem
Benefits
All karma removed, uncontrollable things controlled, future births nullified
Vidveshanam
Direction
South west
Adornment
White dress
Seat
Bead
Coral
Deity
Ucchishta Ganapathy
Mantra
Om sreem hreem
Benefit
You can cause creation (you cannot create). If sacred ash is offered to ladies they will beget offspring, anything will multiply from one to ten,
Maaranam-
Direction
South East
Adornment
Seat
Vengai tree
Bead
“Etti”
Deity
Ugra Ganapathy
Mantra
Om reeng nasi
Benefit
All diseases, enemies will die, enemy will get leprosy, his blood will be on fire.
If the individual grants sacred ash all the diseases will be cured
Bedanam-
Direction
North west
Adornment
Breath should be stopped
Seat
Deer skin
Bead
Pepper seeds
Deity
Mula Ganapathy
Mantra
Om reem am
Benefit
The perform will appear as different forms, if he ties sacred ash on the arm of the sick- fever, vitiation of humor and swelling cured
Mulamantra for ashta ganapathy-om kleem ang ung
Hold the vibhuthi in the left hand, add the ganapathy’s wholr (ukara), see the flame and recite the mantra 208.  Several diseases cured- fever, pneumonia, leperocy, TB, vanjanai, Eval, poisons, dosha, karappaan, garbaroham, collection in the stomach.  You will become lord of eight directions and immerse in poornam, the aadhi.

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